The belief that only Muslim groups engage in suicide terrorism “is becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy" ... "The more we’re putting different Muslim populations under heavy military intervention stress, the more we’re seeing suicide terrorism." Pape believes the American invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan triggered the deadly wave of suicide attacks in the Middle East and the West that continues today.
To deter potential terrorists, Pape argues the United States should limit military intervention and instead focus on improving domestic security. He also hopes the United States will support stable governance structures that benefit the local people in the Middle East, not just American interests. This, he thinks, will prevent the rise of new terrorist groups and recurrence of old ones. “The study of suicide terrorism … tells us that the political solutions are the true lasting solutions.”