First, the colonists asserted that their new states were equal to the other powers on the earth.
Second, by declaring that “all men are created equal,” the Declaration affirms that each person is the judge of his or her own happiness.
Third, the Declaration assumes that each person, however common, contributes to the collective knowledge of the community.
Fourth is the importance of reciprocity or mutual responsiveness to achieving the conditions of freedom. Securing conditions in which no one dominates anyone else requires a form of conversational interaction that rests on and embodies equality in the relationships among the participants.
Fifth, the document contends that all of us have an equal stake in the creation of the political order.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among men.