History - from Ancient Rome through the Gilded Age; from the Russian Revolution to the Great Compression of incomes across the West in the middle of the 20th century — suggests that reversing the trend toward greater concentrations of income, in the United States and across the world, might be, in fact, nearly impossible.
That’s the bleak argument of Walter Scheidel, a professor of history at Stanford, whose new book, “The Great Leveler” (Princeton University Press), is due out next month. He goes so far as to state that “only all-out thermonuclear war might fundamentally reset the existing distribution of resources.” If history is anything to go by, he writes, “peaceful policy reform may well prove unequal to the growing challenges ahead.”
Professor Scheidel does not offer a grand unified theory of inequality. But scouring through the historical record, he detects a pattern: From the Stone Age to the present, ever since humankind produced a surplus to hoard, economic development has almost always led to greater inequality. There is one big thing with the power to stop this dynamic, but it’s not pretty: violence.
The big equalizing moments in history may not have always have the same cause, he writes, “but they shared one common root: massive and violent disruptions of the established order.”
And didn't Gandhi change the world? Wasn't what Gandhi did a part of history, too? And what about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.? He, too, made history, and his unexpected actions, challenging the momentum of past injustice, transformed an apparently unchangeable reality.
What about you? What about me? Are we actors? Or observers?
Will we change the world? Or not?
What is it they say on that TV channel?
(3) - http://www.alternet.org/activism/8-surprising-things-you-didnt-know-about-dr-martin-luther-king-jr